OLxPBench: Real-time, Semantically Consistent, and Domain-specific are Essential in Benchmarking, Designing and Implementing HTAP Systems



As real-time analysis on the fresh data become increasingly compelling, more organizations deploy Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) systems to support realtime queries on data recently generated by online transaction processing. This paper argues that real-time queries, semantically consistent schema, and domain-specific workloads are essential in benchmarking, designing, and implementing HTAP systems. However, most state-of-the-art and state-of-the-practice benchmarks ignore those critical factors. Hence, at best, they are incommensurable and, at worst, misleading in benchmarking, designing, and implementing HTAP systems. This paper presents OLxPBench, a composite HTAP benchmark suite. OLxPBench proposes: (1) the abstraction of a hybrid transaction, performing a real-time query in-between an online transaction, to model widely-observed behavior pattern—making a quick decision while consulting real-time analysis; (2) a semantically consistent schema to express the relationships between OLTP and OLAP schema; (3) the combination of domain-specific and general benchmarks to characterize diverse application scenarios with varying resource demands. Our evaluations justify the three design decisions of OLxPBench and pinpoint the bottlenecks of two mainstream distributed HTAP DBMSs.